|MIND THE STEPS
Project for the 9th International Istanbul Biennial, 2005
In his 1969 published praise of hospitable streets, Streets for People Bernhard Rudofsky stated that climbing stairs had become an atavistic activity for modern industrialized man.
In his polemic he stresses the advantages and the poetry of the stairs of the hilly city of Rome.
Istanbul, which is built on seven hills, too, has an extreme topography, which has made it difficult in many parts to build up public transport systems, like undergrounds.
In many areas Istanbul is still a city of pedestrians.
As a result of the intersection of steep streets and the horizontal of buildings, extreme differences of heights are created in the pavement area, which pedestrians have to surmount.
For that, often complex formations of steps are necessary, which sometimes remind of geometric, minimalistic sculptures, then again rather of objects of arte povera, depending on when and how they were built.
It can easily be seen that these steps have mostly been built without planning. The materials, colors and constellations are very different. Whatever was at hand was used. Ergonomic necessities were mostly only roughly considered. Sometimes there are entire ensembles of differently high and long steps, which were constructed in a playful and improvised way.
These patchwork-like details can be considered as miniaturized metaphors of the constructed Istanbul.
During the Biennale selected steps in the steep streets of Beyoglu towards the Bosphorus (Galata, Karaköy) are brightly lit up.
They can function as platforms for different kinds of events at night. These could be peformances that usually take place in streets, but in the proposed installations the site and the time are unusual.
Encountering the Local
MIND THE STEPS, - a work by Karl-Heinz Klopf at the 9th International Istanbul Biennial, 2005
The city of Istanbul has a complex and disorganised urban texture that provides many opportunities to experience space. As the complexity stems from the heterogeneity of cultural communities and as the organisation of space mostly exists in informal urban practices, inhabitants have several options on how to use the public space. A familiarity with life in the street and everyday existence in this city leads to an intense interaction with it, one that also influences the personal lives of its citizens. Compared to West and North European cities, where the cities and public spaces are over-regulated; Istanbul somehow represents an »open city«, where negotiation between space and people is continuously required both at a formal and an informal level.
The theme of the 9th International Istanbul Biennial (2005), curated by Vasif Kortun and Charles Esche, was »Istanbul«. The exhibition focused on the potentialities of the city. Several artists were asked to produce site-specific works: »We sought to address the environments in which the work will be shown and to place art in dialogue with different aspects and observations of the city itself.«. The work »Mind the Steps« by Karl-Heinz Klopf consisted of site-specific works in several streets. They connected the uniqueness of the spaces to local knowledge, using performances as a form of interaction and communication model between both performers and inhabitants. The artist has been working for years on the relationship between cultural structures and the notion of space (urbanism/architecture); he focuses on the intersection and the potential of spaces. The production of cultural practices by various communities intervenes in a public space that, in metropolises like Istanbul, is shared by a cross-cultural society based on several different ethnic, religious and regional roots. Kopfs »relational art form« is able to show another aspect of this practice. This temporary art form succeeds in creating a form of cross-communication that plays with the social structure of the community. During several visits to Istanbul, Klopf worked on the complexity of the urban texture and its relation to the heterogeneous culture in Istanbul. He analysed the potentialities of the space in relation to its ambiguous organization and the various ways it is used by the inhabitants. For »Mind the Steps« he chose six streets in the district of Beyoglu-Galata, where he selected six pavements/sets of steps. The steps, which are disorderly and have ambiguous structures, are real obstacles when walking the streets of Istanbul. Klopf transformed the daily habits of walking in the streets into a playful performance. During the Biennial, he not only used spotlights to highlight these chaotic steps like stages, but also organized shows by several different local musicians and performers on every evening during the first week of the show. At the first event, which was on a set of steps in front of a cash dispenser in Haci Ali Street, two Turkish artists performed by creating rhythms using their hands and bodies. Another day, the steps in Yeni Çarsi Street hosted local break and rap dancers. Gypsy musicians and dancers were invited to the steps in Türkgücü Street and a local electronic music group was invited to Horoz Street on another evening.
The urban intervention of the artist focused on a vital element in every day life in Istanbul: life in the streets. We as citizens walk in these places every day and yet even we have trouble climbing those chaotic, erratic steps. However, with his simple interventions Klopf highlighted significant features of the steps, reactivating them temporarily in a different local context, and creating an awareness of them that is not present in our daily life. The collaboration with local musicians and performers from different cultural communities not only created interactive street interventions in the public space that involved both the audience and local people, but also produced a kind of trans-local experience and knowledge among the inhabitants. Here, the work of art does not exist anymore in its relation to the »site«, but as a temporary social involvement and an encounter between several different local groups, in which the »relational art form« as seen in Klopfs work functions as a »site-local« practice, making the term »site-specific« no longer relevant.
9th Int. Istanbul Biennial: http://www.iksv.org/bienal